HISTORIAL BACKGROUND OF KATHMANDU
The city of Kathmandu was built by king Gun Kamdev in 723 A.D. It is said that Kathmandu was a lake in the past and was made habitable by Manjushree, who cut open the hill to south Chovar) as to allow the water of lake to flow out.
It is said that Kathmandu city was named after " Kastha-Mandap" meaning the temple made of wood in Sanskrit , an imposing pagoda near Hanuman Dhoka Palace. It was built in 1596 out of a single tree by King Laxmi Narashingha Malla.
Kathmandu is the capital of the kingdom, situated in a valley which is an open air museum of famous sites, ancient temples and shrines, golden pagodas and are inspiring deities, is a city of inexhaustible historic artistic and cultural interest. Several beautiful and interesting villages and towns surrounding the valley offer ideal destinations for mini treks. The dazzling Himalayan peaks are visible from several points on the mountains around the valley.
The capital is quite upto date in terms of comfort and convenience boasting luxury hotels, bars, restaurants, shops and casinos. Transportation is convenient and inexpensive. Medical service is quite good. Shoppers may purchase unusual gifts and souvenirs from an interesting assortment of items such as handicrafts, carpets, wooden art works, bronze casting and metal work, thankas, Nepali paper prints and readymade garments.
Kathmandu valley is the political, economical, cultural, architectural and artistic capital of Nepal which is the first stop for the majority of visitors to the country. Until the medieval period, Kathmandu valley was divided into three independent kingdoms - Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur. These three kingdoms contended one another, not only for power, but on construction of palaces, temples, monasteries and art works which still exist today with all their original glory. The three cities contain seven UNESCO world heritage sites. Kathmandu Tours covers the major highlights of Kathmandu valley such as culture, lifestyle and tradition.
Kathmandu Tours covers most of the interesting local life styles, cultural heritage monuments, religious and historical temples and palace squares the valley. One can do an exciting tour in these monuments within a couple of days. You can do tour of some monuments in one day, if you have limited time. If you have more days, we offer you few days tours of Kathmandu. This tour is popular for the transit travelers or people with short time for Kathmandu.
PLACE TO SEE IN KATHMANDU
The Swaybhunath situated approximately 4 kms. This Buddhist Stupa said to be 2000 years old forms the main structure, which is composed of a solid hemisphere of brick and earth supporting a lofty conical spire capped by a pinnacle of copper gilt. Painted on the four-sided base of the spire are the all seeing eyes of Lord Buddha.
The Patan city is five Km. away from Kathmandu City. Patan known as Lalitpur is the city of fine arts, enclosed within four Stupas builds in 3rd century AD, by Emperor Ashoka. You will see the Durbar square; the Krishna Temple built by King Siddhi Narsingh Malla, Hiranya Varna Mabavihar and MahadouddhaTemple. A trip to The Tibetan Refugee Camp and the Handicraft Center will also be done while visiting Patan, where you will witness the hand weaving of Tibetan carpets and mounding of metal statues.
The Pasupatinath situated 5 kms. east of Kathmandu City, Pashupatinath temple is one of the holiest temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. Situated amidst a lush green natural setting on the bank of the sacred Bagmati river, the temple built in pagoda style has glinted roof and richly carved silver doors. Visitors are permitted to view the temple from the east bank of Bagmati River, entrance in the temple being strictly forbidden to all non-Hindus. Pashupatinath is the centre of annual pilgrimage on the day of shivaratri, which falls in the month of February/March. Behind the temple are the cremation grounds.
This Stupa, 8 Km. east of Kathmandu City, is one of the biggest in the world of its kind. It stands with four pairs of eyes in the four cardinal direction keeping watch for righteous behavior and human prosperity. King Man Deva built this Buddhis Stupa at the advice of the Goddess Mani Jogini. It has built on an octagonal base inset with prayer wheels, the shrine ringed by houses of Lamas or Buddhist priest.
Bhadgaon known as Bhaktpur meaning the city of devotees, this place is the home of medieval art and architecture. Lying 14 km/9 miles of Kathmandu City, this place founded in the 9th century and is shaped like a conch shell. The city is at the height of 4,600 ft. above sea level. In Bhadgaon you will visit the Durbar Square with its array of temples overlooked by the Palace of 55 Windows built by King Bhupatindra Malla. Here you will also visit the Taleju Temple, which is the best example of Pagoda style structure in Nepal and stands on five terraces on each of which stands a pair of figures, two strong men, two elephants, two lion’s two griffins and two goddesses.
Day 01:Arrive at Tribhuwan International Airport, Kathmandu, you are welcomed by the hospitable meeting and then you will be transferred to your hotel. Our guide will explain briefly the program upon arrival at hotel. Evening Walking tour and Traditional Nepali
Day 02:Full day tour of Kathmandu Valley. O/N Kathmandu. Sightseeing of Pashupatinath Temple- the most sacred of the Hindu temples in Nepal dedicated to lord Shiva, built in 1696. Boudha Nath Temple- the worlds largest stupa; a sight of great reneration to the B
Day 03:Departure from Kathmandu.